The social framework in which only men are allowed to prevail in jobs has a hold on essential power and businesses, moral positions, property control, and more social power is called patriarchy. In such a society, men have power over women and that is known as a patriarchal society. Most of the countries and societies in today’s world follow the system of patriarchy. In many countries, usually, women are not allowed to have control over business or property matters (Alexander and Taylor, 2016). The main reason for the cause of patriarchy is creating a biological difference between the genders. In our society, only men have the authority to handle all the situations and make decisions. That is why they are considered as the heads of households.
Patriarchy is usually known as the system, where men are the ones to hand and make decisions for the family and their lives. In business or the working field, usually, men are allowed to participate. In most of today’s homes, only men do jobs and make money. They are the ones to decide what activities will be done in the house (Sanders, 2017). While women are not allowed to do or participate in such activities. A lot of feminists have even done protests about asking for equality. That they should also be allowed to do jobs and handle the households. Even if we talk about politics, there is a majority of men participating in it (Besse, 2018).
Impacts of patriarchy
Patriarchy impacts many stages and eras of life. Patriarchy affects the schools, culture, business and work fields, and families too. This is all because the main point of patriarchy is that men have the primary power. This is how it can affect economic systems and property matters. Somehow, the act of patriarchy is also important in our lives (Bhopal, 2019). Proof of this statement is that not all women can handle such tasks and make such decisions, that a man can do efficiently. It is a natural fact that not everyone can perform some specific tasks. And it could be men or women too.
Some common examples of patriarchy
Some examples of patriarchy are that in our today’s society, most of the undervalued or unrecognized work is done by females or Trans such as taking people’s care or serving food and drinks, etc. On the other hand, usually, men are not allowed to do such work because they think it will make them weaker than others. Another example is that in many offices and workplaces, women are hired at lower salaries than men. This is what shows inequality on the base of their gender (Enloe, 2017). Most of the caretaking work and other jobs like this (such as babysitting, making notes in a specific meeting, cleanup, and much more) are relegated to women. Even if we talk about all around the globe than a man is paid much higher than a woman worker in most of the organizations or the workplaces. Another example is that a person with a masculine voice has more power over the other members in his group. It can be in an office or a home. All of these are examples of institutional patriarchy.
Different pillars of patriarchy
There are different pillars of patriarchy (Chong, 2020).
As the term “binary” means “having to parts or classifications”. Gender binary means the classification of two different genders, which are, male and female. In other words, the gender binary is an act, in which the society assigns the people living there, into a set or group of two different gender identities which are man and woman (Stichter and Parpart, 2019).
Misogyny is an act, in which people create hate and scorn towards women and femininity. There are still a lot of people in our society who brings hate and degrade women and feminism. Some of the common examples of misogyny are excluding women from many workplaces and much more. Disparage or downgrading is also an example of misogyny. In some places, women are forced to do specific things. Such as getting married and more things like that. There is a lot of portion of people who still follow the act of misogyny.
The racist belief which represents that the white people are more superior to any other race is known as white supremacy. The white people following the act of white supremacy always try to expel others from society. In some countries, many people are suffering due to the act of white supremacy. They are not allowed to participate in social activities (Jensen, 2017). They cannot get jobs easily just of this patriarchy. White patriarchy is one of the most common types of patriarchy which is practised in many countries.
Capitalism is the type of patriarchy which do not include only a group of people but it can be a whole state or nation. The term “capitalism” indicates that some individuals or some private business managers get all the profit products instead of all the whole to overstate after the government or some head of the state had made some investment. All of that profit is supposed to be used for the citizens and state people. Capitalism causes economic inequality and it is unstable (Gilligan and Snider, 2018).
Patriarchy is a term that usually means that men are given more power than women in our society. Men have more participation in social activities. The examples are in offices and workplaces, the majority of the workers are men (Zhao, 2016). Women are usually not allowed to do jobs and handle the household or make any important decisions for their homes and families. If we talk about salaries for workers, then it is known that men are highly paid then the women. There are many other uncountable examples of patriarchy, but there should be changes made for this in our society.
- Alexander, S. and Taylor, B., 2016. 45 IN DEFENCE OF’PATRIARCHY’. People’s History and Socialist Theory (Routledge Revivals), p.370.
- Sanders, R., 2017. Self-tracking in the digital era: Biopower, patriarchy, and the new biometric body projects. Body & Society, 23(1), pp.36-63.
- Besse, S.K., 2018. Restructuring patriarchy: the modernization of gender inequality in Brazil, 1914-1940. UNC Press Books.
- Bhopal, K., 2019. Gender,’race’and patriarchy: a study of South Asian women. Routledge.
- Enloe, C., 2017. The big push: Exposing and challenging the persistence of patriarchy. Univ of California Press.
- Chong, K.H., 2020. Deliverance and submission: Evangelical women and the negotiation of patriarchy in South Korea. Brill.
- Stichter, S.B. and Parpart, J., 2019. Patriarchy and class: African women in the home and the workforce. Routledge.
- Jensen, R., 2017. The End of Patriarchy. Spinifex.
- Gilligan, C. and Snider, N., 2018. Why does patriarchy persist?. John Wiley & Sons.
- Zhao, E.Y. and Wry, T., 2016. Not all inequality is equal: Deconstructing the societal logic of patriarchy to understand microfinance lending to women. Academy of Management Journal, 59(6), pp.1994-2020.