What is Genetic Engineering?
Genetic engineering is a process of altering the genetics of living organisms using the technology of recombinant DNA (rDNA). It contains the manipulation of the genomes directly or indirectly to control the breeding cycle and creating offspring with desired properties. The traditional practice of genetic engineering takes place by combining the two or more than two genes, which usually intended to experiment how organisms interact with each other and how many combinations can they generate.
It all started with a very simple concept that is cloning of tiny pieces of DNA and letting them nourish in the presence of bacteria. This brought a whole new breakthrough in the field of science and technology due to its initially enthralling results. Since then it has become a tremendous field for scientists and researchers to work on and they started performing thousands of cells to cell genomes cloning. This whole process of forming various variations of the cell comes under the broad term of genetic engineering. In simple words, genetic engineering is a manipulation of DNA that is done to expand our limited command over natural phenomena.
The time has come when we are able to transform the basic structure of life through minimal engineering of genetics but it can have a lot of unwelcoming consequences. All these new types of genes are made in laboratories and then they are taken into a number of several types of living organisms and propagates them to evolve by their own pace, sometimes in plants and sometimes they are left to live with other bacteria to analyses their evolution.
Just like a pure biology, genetic Engineering also falls into two major categories, i.e; plants, and animal. The most common practice is the genetic modification of food where biotechnology plays a viable role to process the structure of plant tissues. The purpose is to acquire more outcomes in terms of fruits, flowers and help them to grow quickly. The process is not risk-free because there is a high chance to increase the amount of toxins and form new diseases that can be transmissible and could negatively impact the other plants. Those genetically engineered plant tissues are a serious threat to many wildlife as these plants are the only source of food for them. There is also environmental issue associated with manually modified genes because of the production of toxins that could make most of the insects resistant which ultimately could cause the other organism to become resistant with many antibiotics available in the market.
Similar cloning or modification are done in the animal cells which are considered a questionable topic so far as people aren’t willing to accept that science should interfere with our complex biological life any sort of miss-tempering could result in chain destruction and we aren’t prepared enough to tackle such a biological shattering. But there is a perspective of ethical genetic engineering which aims to unfold the limitless mysteries in the field of biological sciences and scientists are proud to be able to reach to the level where they are seemingly able to create a living organism as per the intended properties and abilities.